Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5–many, pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 1–5
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332,344–401,611–662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.



Margriet Wetherwax

Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (V. Fallugi, Italian abbot)


F. paradoxa (D. Don) Endl.

Shrub < 2 m, ± erect
Stem much-branched; bark grayish white-tomentose, peeling
Leaves alternate to clustered, 7–15 mm, ovate to wedge-shaped, lobed; lobes 3–7, deeply pinnate, linear, obtuse, rolled under, densely hairy above, rusty-scaly below; stipules lanceolate, deciduous
Inflorescence terminal; flowers 1–3; bracts 5, linear, alternate sepals
Flowers: hypanthium hemispheric, silky-hairy; sepals 5–8 mm, ovate, acute to long-acuminate, tomentose; petals 10–25 mm, ± round, white; stamens many; pistils many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, persistent, 30–50 mm, plumose, purplish
Fruit: achene, 3–5 mm, silky-hairy
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Dry, ± rocky slopes in pinyon/juniper woodland
Elevation: 1000–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Colorado, w Texas, n Mexico
Flowering time: May–Jun
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &DRY: 5, 15, 16, 17.

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