|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves simple to pinnately to palmately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused, persistent to deciduous
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, often with bractlets alternate with sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0)5many, pistils (0)1many, simple or compound; ovary superior to inferior, styles 15
Fruit: achene, follicle, drupe, pome, or blackberry- to raspberry-like
Seeds generally 15
Genera in family: 110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temp. Many cultivated for ornamental and fruit, especially Cotoneaster , Fragaria , Malus , Prunus , Pyracantha, Rosa , and Rubus
Reference: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303332,344401,611662]
Family description, key to genera by Barbara Ertter and Dieter H. Wilken.
Shrub, strong-smelling, evergreen, generally stellate-hairy, glandular
Leaf odd-23-pinnate; stipules entire; segments generally thick, gland-tipped, smaller and larger sometimes alternating, lobes or teeth 03(5)
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, 310 cm
Flower: hypanthium densely hairy inside near base; bractlets 0; sepals lanceolate; petals spreading, ± round, white; stamens many; pistil 1, ovary superior, style base hairy
Fruit: achene, obovoid, leathery
Species in genus: 2 species: CA, Baja CA
Etymology: (Greek: low bramble)
Reference: [Armstrong 1980 Madroño 27:111]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem: bark ± black
Leaf 38 cm, generally 2-pinnate
Flower: hypanthium generally ± 3 mm; sepals ± 3 mm; petals 45 mm; ovary glabrous
Ecology: Dry slopes, chaparral
Elevation: 300700 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Uncommon. Some populations threatened by clearing for avocado orchards
Horticultural information: SUN, DRN: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.