|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0many, free; stamens generally 10many; pistils 1many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ),
some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:2427]
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes from stolons or caudices, terrestrial or aquatic; roots generally fibrous
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves basal and generally cauline, generally reduced upwards, generally glabrous; petiole base flat, stipule-like or not; basal and lower cauline petioles generally long; blades simple to dissected or compound, entire to toothed
Inflorescence: cyme, axillary or terminal, 1few-flowered
Flower radial; sepals generally 5, generally early deciduous, generally glabrous, generally green to yellowish; petals generally 5, generally > sepals, generally white to yellow, shiny; nectar gland near petal base, pocket-like or with flap-like scale; anthers yellow; pistils generally many
Fruit: achene, generally compressed, beaked, generally glabrous; walls thick
Species in genus: ± 250 species: temp worldwide, tropical mtns; some ornamental
Etymology: (Latin: (Pliny) little frog, from generally wet habitats)
Perennial 450 cm; roots ± thick, fleshy
Stems decumbent to erect, generally 35 from base, generally branched from base, glabrous
Leaves: basal and lower cauline petioles 27 cm, blades 212 cm, ± oblong to ovate, entire, base generally tapered; upper cauline leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate, entire
Flower: receptacle glabrous; sepals 35 mm, ± reflexed, glabrous to puberulent; petals 57 in CA, 515 mm, 25.5 mm wide
Fruits 12many; cluster spheric; body 1.52.5 mm, sides 12 mm wide, smooth to sparsely puberulent, back rounded; beak 0.51 mm, ± straight
Ecology: Wet places, streambanks, meadows, coniferous forest
Elevation: 13003600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains, Modoc Plateau, n White and Inyo Mountains
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada
Varieties intergrade, difficult.
Plant 420(30) cm
Leaf: basal blade 24 cm, generally ovate
Flower: petals 57 mm
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Elevation: 14003600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, San Jacinto Mountains, n White and Inyo Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Nevada
Flowering time: JunJul
Horticultural information: WET or IRR, DRN: 1, 2, 7 &SUN: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17.