Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, free; stamens generally 10–many; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1–many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1–many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ), some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:24–27]


Perennial from short, stout caudex, generally ± glabrous; roots clustered, fleshy
Leaves simple, basal, rosetted
Inflorescence scapose, 1(–3)-flowered; peduncle long
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals 5–6, petal-like; petals 5–12, < sepals, gland-like; pistils many, style persistent in fruit, beak-like
Fruit utricle-like, splitting tardily from base along 2 lines; wall thin, slightly transparent between veins; beak tapered, straight, tip hooked
Seed 1, cylindric
Species in genus: 2 species: w North America
Etymology: (T.L. Kumlien, Swedish naturalist, mentor of E.L. Greene, 19th century)
Reference: [Greene 1886 Bull Calif Acad Sci 1:337–338]


K. hystricula (A. Gray) Greene

Plant 8–25 cm
Leaf: petiole 2–14 cm; blade 1.5–3 cm, reniform to round, crenate to palmately lobed, lobes rounded to obtuse, entire to toothed or lobed
Inflorescence: peduncle reclining or decumbent
Flower: receptacle glabrous, not elongated in fruit; sepals 6–10 mm, white, glabrous; petals 2–3 mm, ± = stamens, narrowly oblanceolate, yellow or green
Fruits in head-like cluster; body 3–4 mm, lanceolate, hairs sparse, short, stiff
Ecology: Wet places, among rocks, streambanks, generally coniferous forest
Elevation: 300–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada (except Tehachapi Mountain Area)
Synonyms: Ranunculus h. A. Gray
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 1, 2, 7, 15, 16; DFCLT.

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