This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes aquatic
Leaves generally basal and cauline, generally alternate, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, sometimes sheathing or stipule-like
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, free, early deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0many, free; stamens generally 10many; pistils 1many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 1, generally ± persistent in fruit as beak, ovules 1many
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, or utricle-like, 1many-seeded
Genera in family: ± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temp, tropical mtns; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Erianthis, Helleborus ),
some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus )
Reference: [Duncan & Keener 1991 Phytologia 70:2427]
Perennial from stout, simple to branched caudex, rhizome, or tuber
Stems 1several, erect, generally simple
Leaves simple to 1-ternate, blade or leaflet toothed to dissected; basal leaves rosetted, petioled, in flower or fruit withered or persistent; cauline leaves generally 23, in 12 whorls, petiole 0 to short
Inflorescence terminal; peduncles 15, erect, 1-flowered, in fruit elongated
Flower radial; receptacle in fruit elongated; sepals 58(10), petal-like; petals 0; pistils many, styles in fruit generally persistent, generally glabrous to puberulent
Fruit: achenes, densely clustered
Species in genus: ± 100 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: flower shaken by wind)
Some species cultivated for ornamental. Plants with long, plumose styles sometimes separated as Pulsatilla.
Plant 1025 cm; rhizome thick
Stem generally 1; hairs 0
Leaves: basal generally 1, deeply 3-lobed to 1-ternate, in flower withered or persistent, petiole 26.5 cm, subglabrous, lobes or leaflets ± ovate, irregularly toothed, deeply lobed or not; cauline generally 1-ternate, petioles 840 mm
Inflorescence: flower 1
Flower: sepals generally 5, 520 mm, white, reddish, blue, or purplish, ± glabrous
Fruit: cluster ovoid to spheric, 815 mm, puberulent; styles < 1.5 mm
Ecology: Shaded sites, coniferous forest
Elevation: 1001600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Washington
Synonyms: A. quinquefolia L. vars. grayii (Behr & Kellogg) Jeps., o. (A. Gray) B.L. Rob., minor (Eastw.) Munz
Sepal color, stamen number varies with geography, ecology, needs further study
Horticultural information: SHD, IRR, DRN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|