This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial, stem- or root-parasites lacking chlorophyll, generally monoecious or dioecious
Stem reduced to thread-like tissue underground or inside host stem
Inflorescence: short spike or flower solitary
Flower generally unisexual, radial, fleshy; sepals 416, often fused at base; petals 0; stamens 5many, fused to style axis forming a column that is generally expanded at tip into a disk with stigmatic areas or stamens along or under margin; ovary ± inferior, chambers 1several, placentas parietal
Fruit various, generally fleshy
Seeds many, minute
Genera in family: ± 8 genera ± 50 species: worldwide, especially tropical. Poorly known taxonomically. Rafflesia species have world's largest flowers (1 m diam); Pilostyles flowers are < 2 mm diam.
Perennial, stem parasites
Stem appearing 0
Leaves reduced to bracts subtending flower
Inflorescence: flower solitary
Flower minute; sepals 45
Staminate flower: anthers many, sessile on column under margin of disk
Pistillate flower: ovary inferior, chamber 1, stigmas in ring along disk margin
Fruit: fleshy capsule
Species in genus: 20 species: tropical Am, Africa, Australia, sw Asia (especially Iran)
Etymology: (Latin: hair pillar, from the central column)
Only flowers and bracts are visible on surface of host stem.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|