|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Shrub, small tree, glabrous, sometimes thorny
Leaves simple, opposite, entire, deciduous
Inflorescence: axillary clusters; flowers 15
Flower bisexual, radial; hypanthium bell-shaped to cylindric, ± leathery; sepals 58, persistent, appearing as hypanthium lobes; petals 58, crumpled in bud (and often in flower); stamens many, inserted along hypanthium tube; ovary inferior, chambers generally 38, irregular, style 1, stigma 1, head-like
Fruit: berry, ± spheric, leathery-rinded, divided into irregular sections
Seeds many, embedded in juicy pulp
Genera in family: 1 genus, ± 1 sp.: Medit, ne Africa, to Himalayas. Seeds edible.
Species in genus: 1 variable sp
Etymology: (Latin: "Apple of Carthage")
Stem < 5 m
Leaf: blade 28 cm, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, >> petiole
Flower 35 cm wide; hypanthium ± brownish red; petals coral-red
Fruit generally 810 cm wide, bright orange-red
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed ground
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: s San Joaquin Valley, s Central Coast, n South Coast
Distribution outside California: native se Europe to Himalayas
Long, widely cultivated in warm areas, often naturalized; fermented seeds source of grenadine; dwarf and double-flowered forms cultivated as ornamental; persistent calyx on fruit inspired King Solomon's crown (hence others).