This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, glabrous to glandular-hairy
Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, sessile or petioled; stipules 0
Inflorescence sometimes scapose
Flower bisexual, radial; parts generally in 4's or 5's; calyx deeply lobed, often persistent; corolla lobes spreading to reflexed; stamens epipetalous, opposite corolla lobes; ovary generally superior, 1-chambered, placenta basal or free-central, style 1, stigma head-like
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 26-valved
Seeds small, fewmany
Genera in family: ± 25 genera, 600 species: especially n hemisphere; several ornamental (Cyclamen , Dodecatheon , Primula ).
[Channell & Wood 1959 J Arnold Arbor 40:268288]
Perennial, rhizomed, sometimes stoloned
Leaves basal or crowded on branches near ground, sessile
Inflorescence: umbel 1 per scapose peduncle, terminal, subtended by bracts
Flower: parts in 5's; calyx tube angled; corolla funnel-shaped or salverform, lobes spreading or erect, entire or notched at tip; stamens included, filaments short, anthers oblong, obtuse; ovary superior
Fruit 5-valved, elliptic to ovate
Seeds many, peltate, dotted
Species in genus: 200 species: generally n temp
Etymology: (Latin: diminutive of first, from early flower)
Spp. often heterostylous.
Stem creeping, branched; base woody
Leaf 1535 mm, ± spoon-shaped, glabrous; base tapered; tip generally rounded, dentate
Inflorescence glandular-hairy; peduncle 3.512 cm; pedicels 2several, < 1.5 cm
Flower: calyx 48 mm, lobes lanceolate; corolla magenta with yellow throat, tube 710 mm, = lobes
Fruit ± = calyx, ovoid
Ecology: Generally in rock crevices
Elevation: generally 20004200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada
Flowering time: JulAug
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6; DFCLT.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|