|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, glabrous to glandular-hairy
Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, sessile or petioled; stipules 0
Inflorescence sometimes scapose
Flower bisexual, radial; parts generally in 4's or 5's; calyx deeply lobed, often persistent; corolla lobes spreading to reflexed; stamens epipetalous, opposite corolla lobes; ovary generally superior, 1-chambered, placenta basal or free-central, style 1, stigma head-like
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 26-valved
Seeds small, fewmany
Genera in family: ± 25 genera, 600 species: especially n hemisphere; several ornamental (Cyclamen , Dodecatheon , Primula )
Reference: [Channell & Wood 1959 J Arnold Arbor 40:268288]
Perennial, glabrous or glandular-hairy; roots fleshy-fibrous
Inflorescence: umbel, 1 per scapose peduncle, terminal, fewmany-flowered, subtended by bracts
Flower nodding; parts in 4's or 5's; sepals reflexed, later erect, persistent; corolla tube short, lobes reflexed; stamens exserted, filaments very short, wide, often fused, anthers erect, ± lanceolate, surrounding style; ovary superior, style slender, ± exserted from anthers
Fruit ± 5-valved or circumscissile, ovate to spheric
Species in genus: ± 14 species: generally North America
Etymology: (Greek: 12 gods, presumably the Olympians)
Reference: [Thompson 1953 Contr Dudley Herb 4:73154]
Polyploid group; species sometimes intergrade.
Leaf 118 cm; blade generally oblanceolate, generally narrowed abruptly to petiole, margin dentate to subentire
Flower: parts in 5's; corolla lobes 625 mm, magenta to white, lobes 625 mm; filament tube 2.54 mm, anthers 35 mm, tissue at base transversely wrinkled, yellow to black; stigma not enlarged
Ecology: Grassy slopes, flats
Elevation: generally < 600 m for all subspp.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, c High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, Central Western California (except Central Coast), Southwestern California (except San Gabriel Mountains)
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Extremes (subspp. here) generally segregated by geog but may intergrade.
Flower: filament tube with yellow or white spot below each anther, tissue at base of anthers maroon to black, anthers generally dark purple, tip obtuse to notched
Ecology: Moist places, often on serpentine or in sub-alkaline sites
Bioregional distribution: n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, c High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: DRY: 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.