This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual or perennial herb, generally fleshy
Stems generally glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, sometimes stipuled
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(8), free or fused at base; petals 318, free or ± fused; stamens 1many, free or inserted on corolla; ovary superior or partly inferior, chamber 1, placenta free-central or basal; styles 28, generally fused at base
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 23-valved
Seeds 1many, generally black, generally shiny
Genera in family: ± 20 genera, ± 400 species: generally temp Am, Australia, s Africa; some cultivated (Lewisia, Portulaca, Calandrinia )
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:566598]
Family description and key to genera by Dieter H. Wilken & Walter A. Kelley.
Annual or perennial herb, from stolon, rhizome, tuber, or taproot, glabrous, ± fleshy
Leaves entire; basal 0many, rosetted; cauline generally 2, generally opposite, free to fully fused into ± 2-toothed disk or cup surrounding stem
Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, 1-sided; pedicels reflexed, becoming erect in fruit
Flower: petals 5, pink or white; stamens 5, epipetalous; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3
Fruit: capsule; valves 3, margins rolling inward and forcibly expelling seeds
Seeds 36, generally black, generally clearly appendaged
Species in genus: 28 species: North America, e Asia
Etymology: (John Clayton, colonial Am botanist, born 1686)
Reference: [Miller 1978 Syst Bot 3:322341; Miller & Chambers 1993 Novon 3:268273]
Some species formerly placed in Montia.
(Annual) generally per; caudex short, < 1 cm diam, vertical, brownish; rhizomes and stolons short, sometimes forming offset rosettes; taproot slender
Stem 560 cm, spreading to erect
Leaves: basal 330 cm, blade 18 cm, oblanceolate to deltate, base truncate to long-tapered, tip obtuse to long-tapered, some petioles often with bulb-like base; cauline 18 cm, free, lanceolate to ovate, sessile, generally acute
Inflorescence simple or branched, stalked, open, bracted throughout; flowers generally 1020
Flower: sepals 36 mm; petals 612 mm, generally pinkish; stamens maturing well before stigmas
Fruit 2.53.5 mm
Seed 1.52 mm, round to elliptic, shiny or dull
Ecology: Generally shady moist woodlands, streambanks, marshes
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Montana
Synonyms: Montia s. (L.) Howell
Horticultural information: DRN, SHD, IRR: 4, 5, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|