Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Annual or perennial herb, generally fleshy
Stems generally glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, sometimes stipuled
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(–8), free or fused at base; petals 3–18, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, free or inserted on corolla; ovary superior or partly inferior, chamber 1, placenta free-central or basal; styles 2–8, generally fused at base
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved
Seeds 1–many, generally black, generally shiny
Genera in family: ± 20 genera, ± 400 species: generally temp Am, Australia, s Africa; some cultivated (Lewisia, Portulaca, Calandrinia )
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:566–598]
Family description and key to genera by Dieter H. Wilken & Walter A. Kelley.


Walter A. Kelley

Annual, perennial herb, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous
Stems several–many, prostrate to erect, 3–45 cm
Leaves simple, alternate; blade linear to spoon-shaped, cylindric or flat
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; bracts scarious or leaf-like
Flower: sepals 2, overlapping, persistent in fruit; petals 3–7, generally 5, red or white; stamens 3–15; style 3-branched
Fruit: capsule, 3-valved from tip
Seeds many, ovate to ± elliptic, generally black, smooth, finely tuberculate, or with a fine, net-like pattern, short-hairy or not
Species in genus: 150 species: w Am, Australia
Etymology: (J.L. Calandrini, Switzerland, born 1703)
Reference: [Kelley 1973 MS Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge]


C. ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC.


Annual, ± glabrous
Stem spreading
Leaf 1–10 cm, linear to oblanceolate, flat
Inflorescence: raceme, elongate; bracts leaf-like; pedicels 4–25 mm, generally straight in fruit
Flower: sepals 2.5–8 mm, glabrous to ciliate; petals generally 5, 4–15 mm, red; stamens 3–15
Fruit not > calyx by 3 mm or more
Seeds 10–20, 1–2.5 mm wide, elliptic, at 10X shiny black, at 30X black, glabrous, with a very fine, net-like pattern
Chromosomes: 2n=24
Ecology: Common. Sandy to loamy soil, grassy areas, cultivated fields
Elevation: < 2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province, w Modoc Plateau, s East of Sierra Nevada, n Desert Mountains (Coso Range)
Distribution outside California: to New Mexico, C.America; also in nw S.America
Flowering time: Mostly Feb–May
Synonyms: var. menziesii (Hook.) J.F. Macbr.; C. micrantha Schldl
Variable vegetatively; uniform in flower, fruit, and seed
Horticultural information: SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13.

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bioregional map for CALANDRINIA%20ciliata being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Calandrinia ciliata
Retrieve dichotomous key for Calandrinia
Retrieve multiple-entry key (MEKA) for Calandrinia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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