This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual or perennial herb, generally fleshy
Stems generally glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, sometimes stipuled
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(8), free or fused at base; petals 318, free or ± fused; stamens 1many, free or inserted on corolla; ovary superior or partly inferior, chamber 1, placenta free-central or basal; styles 28, generally fused at base
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 23-valved
Seeds 1many, generally black, generally shiny
Genera in family: ± 20 genera, ± 400 species: generally temp Am, Australia, s Africa; some cultivated (Lewisia, Portulaca, Calandrinia )
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:566598]
Family description and key to genera by Dieter H. Wilken & Walter A. Kelley.
Annual, perennial herb, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous
Stems severalmany, prostrate to erect, 345 cm
Leaves simple, alternate; blade linear to spoon-shaped, cylindric or flat
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; bracts scarious or leaf-like
Flower: sepals 2, overlapping, persistent in fruit; petals 37, generally 5, red or white; stamens 315; style 3-branched
Fruit: capsule, 3-valved from tip
Seeds many, ovate to ± elliptic, generally black, smooth, finely tuberculate, or with a fine, net-like pattern, short-hairy or not
Species in genus: 150 species: w Am, Australia
Etymology: (J.L. Calandrini, Switzerland, born 1703)
Reference: [Kelley 1973 MS Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge]
Annual, ± glabrousSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem prostrate to ascending
Leaf 28 cm, ± ovate to spoon-shaped, flat
Inflorescence: raceme, elongate; bracts leaf-like; pedicels 620 cm, generally curved in fruit
Flower: sepals 46 mm, glabrous to ± ciliate; petals generally 5, 35 mm, red; stamens 36
Fruit generally > calyx by 3 mm or more
Seeds 1015, 12 mm wide, ± elliptic, at 10X shiny black, at 30X black, glabrous, finely tuberculate
Ecology: Uncommon. Sandy to loamy soil, disturbed places, burns
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Like C. ciliata.
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|