|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual or perennial herb, generally fleshy
Stems generally glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, sometimes stipuled
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(8), free or fused at base; petals 318, free or ± fused; stamens 1many, free or inserted on corolla; ovary superior or partly inferior, chamber 1, placenta free-central or basal; styles 28, generally fused at base
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 23-valved
Seeds 1many, generally black, generally shiny
Genera in family: ± 20 genera, ± 400 species: generally temp Am, Australia, s Africa; some cultivated (Lewisia, Portulaca, Calandrinia )
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:566598]
Family description and key to genera by Dieter H. Wilken & Walter A. Kelley.
Annual, perennial herb, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous
Stems severalmany, prostrate to erect, 345 cm
Leaves simple, alternate; blade linear to spoon-shaped, cylindric or flat
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; bracts scarious or leaf-like
Flower: sepals 2, overlapping, persistent in fruit; petals 37, generally 5, red or white; stamens 315; style 3-branched
Fruit: capsule, 3-valved from tip
Seeds many, ovate to ± elliptic, generally black, smooth, finely tuberculate, or with a fine, net-like pattern, short-hairy or not
Species in genus: 150 species: w Am, Australia
Etymology: (J.L. Calandrini, Switzerland, born 1703)
Reference: [Kelley 1973 MS Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge]
Annual, ± glabrousSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem prostrate to ascending
Leaf 28 cm, ± ovate to spoon-shaped, flat
Inflorescence: raceme, elongate; bracts leaf-like; pedicels 620 cm, generally curved in fruit
Flower: sepals 46 mm, glabrous to ± ciliate; petals generally 5, 35 mm, red; stamens 36
Fruit generally > calyx by 3 mm or more
Seeds 1015, 12 mm wide, ± elliptic, at 10X shiny black, at 30X black, glabrous, finely tuberculate
Ecology: Uncommon. Sandy to loamy soil, disturbed places, burns
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Like C. ciliata.
Horticultural information: TRY.