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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.


Geraldine A. Allen

Annual to subshrub
Leaves alternate, linear to oblanceolate, entire
Inflorescence: heads radiate, solitary; phyllaries in 2–6 series, outer < inner, margins translucent, papery; receptacle ± flat, chaff 0
Ray flowers 5–24; ligules coiled at maturity, white to blue or pink-purple
Disk flowers 5–many; corollas yellow; anther tips triangular; style tips triangular
Fruit generally linear-fusiform, round or ± compressed; pappus 0 or of scales, bristles, or both
Species in genus: ± 10 species: sw US, n Mex
Etymology: (Greek: bristle-pappus)
Reference: [Nesom 1988 Phytologia 64:448–456]


C. ericoides (Torr.) G.L. Nesom

Perennial to subshrub; caudex ± woody
Stems ascending to erect, 5–15 cm, generally branched, strigose, ± glandular
Leaves basal and cauline (basal 0 at flower), 4–12 mm, linear to obovate, obtuse to abruptly pointed, ± glandular, bristly-hairy below
Inflorescence: phyllaries lanceolate to oblong, acute to acuminate, green, ± purple-tipped
Ray flowers generally 12–21; corolla 5–10 mm, white to ± pink
Fruit ± rounded, brown, hairy; pappus of minutely barbed bristles, ± white
Chromosomes: 2n=16,32
Ecology: Dry slopes
Elevation: 1300–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada (e slope), White and Inyo Mountains, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to NE, Texas, n Mexico
Flowering time: Apr–May
Synonyms: Leucelene e. (Torr.) Greene
Horticultural information: TRY.

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