|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual to subshrubs, generally ± hairy
Leaves alternate or basal, generally petioled, reduced upward, entire and linear or generally elliptic to ovate or obovate and 14-pinnately lobed; 1° lobes longest near middle or base of blade
Inflorescence: heads discoid (but outer flowers often enlarged, ± ray-like), 1many per stem, generally in terminal cymes; peduncle generally hairy like phyllary bases; involucre generally < 15 mm diam, cylindric to obconic or hemispheric; phyllaries in 12 ± equal series, generally linear to lanceolate, tips generally ± flat, generally ± green; receptacle flat to rounded, generally naked
Flowers 10many; corollas radial (outer, if enlarged, ± bilateral), generally white to pinkish or yellow, generally opening in daytime; anthers generally exserted
Fruit club-shaped, generally not compressed, stiffly hairy; pappus 0 or of 420 fringed scales in 1few series
Species in genus: 18 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: gaping ray, from enlarged outer corollas of some)
Reference: [Mooring 1980 Amer J Bot 67:13041309]
Spp. of sect. Chaenactis hybridize.
Perennial, scapose, cespitose to ± matted
Stems several, erect to ± spreading, < 10 cm, tomentose near base; hairs generally thinning with age
Leaves < 12 cm, loosely tomentose, not fleshy; basal rosette persistent; largest blades linear to narrowly elliptic, 12-pinnately lobed, 1° lobes (7)10many pairs, crowded to ± densely packed, longest near middle, tips curled to twisted
Inflorescence: heads 1(3) per stem; peduncles < 25 cm; involucre obconic to cylindric, glandular-hairy; longest phyllaries 813 mm, tips erect, ± rigid, generally blunt
Flowers: corollas all radial, 57 mm, ± equal, white to pinkish
Fruit 46 mm; pappus scales 1016 in indistinct series, ± equal, longest 34.5 mm
Ecology: Open sand or gravel
Elevation: 15002800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s-most Sierra Nevada, Transverse Ranges. Closely related to C. douglasii var. alpina
Horticultural information: TRY.