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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

CACALIOPSIS


Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: like Cacalia , a relative of Senecio )
Reference: [Strother 1978 North America Fl II 10:160–173]

Native

C. nardosmia (A. Gray) A. Gray

Perennial 1.5–9 dm, rhizomed
Stems generally erect
Leaves alternate, reduced upward; petioles 7–30 cm; blades 7–35 cm, widely reniform, palmately lobed and further divided, ± tomentose below, ± glabrous above
Inflorescence: heads generally 3–11 in raceme-like to ± flat-topped cyme, discoid; involucre generally 12–16 mm, ± bell-shaped; phyllaries in 1–2 equal series, linear to lanceolate; receptacle flat, naked
Flowers 20–50; corollas generally 5–7 mm, ± yellow, lobes lanceolate, spreading; anther bases entire, tips narrowly lanceolate; style branches ± short-bristly, tips flattened, conic
Fruit 6–8.5 mm, cylindric, 12–15-veined, glabrous, brown; pappus of many fine bristles 10–18 mm, white
Ecology: Meadows, open forest, sometimes serpentine
Elevation: 200–1900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: to s British Columbia
Horticultural information: DRN: 4, 5, 6 &SHD, IRR: 7, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.

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