Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

BRICKELLIA

BRICKELLBUSH

A. Michael Powell

Perennial from ± woody caudex or shrub (rarely annual)
Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, veiny, generally resinous-dotted
Inflorescence: heads discoid, generally clustered; involucre cylindric to bell-shaped; phyllaries overlapping, strongly nerved; receptacle generally flat, chaff 0
Flowers: corollas cylindric, ± white or tinged red; anther bases rounded or slightly cordate, tips ovate; style branches long, club-shaped, tips rounded
Fruit 10-ribbed, generally cylindric, hairy; pappus generally of many, generally scabrous bristles
Etymology: (John Brickell, early botanist in Georgia)
Reference: [King & Robinson 1987 Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 22:220–224]

Native

B. multiflora Kellogg

Shrub 10–20 dm
Stems erect, branched
Leaves alternate, short-petioled; blade 3–8 cm, lanceolate, ± entire, gummy, gland-dotted, sparsely bristly
Inflorescence: heads ± 7 mm, in small raceme-like clusters; involucre cylindric; phyllaries ± 20, overlapping, lanceolate to ovate, 4-veined, greenish, glabrous or minutely puberulent, tips erect
Flowers 3–5
Fruit 1.7–2.2 mm
Ecology: Uncommon. Rocks, washes
Elevation: 600–2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: Nevada
Flowering time: May–Jul, Sep–Oct

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bioregional map for BRICKELLIA%20multiflora being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Brickellia multiflora
Retrieve dichotomous key for Brickellia
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Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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