Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.



A. Michael Powell

Perennial from ± woody caudex or shrub (rarely annual)
Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, veiny, generally resinous-dotted
Inflorescence: heads discoid, generally clustered; involucre cylindric to bell-shaped; phyllaries overlapping, strongly nerved; receptacle generally flat, chaff 0
Flowers: corollas cylindric, ± white or tinged red; anther bases rounded or slightly cordate, tips ovate; style branches long, club-shaped, tips rounded
Fruit 10-ribbed, generally cylindric, hairy; pappus generally of many, generally scabrous bristles
Etymology: (John Brickell, early botanist in Georgia)
Reference: [King & Robinson 1987 Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 22:220–224]


B. californica (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray

Shrub 5–20 dm
Stems many, branched, puberulent to weakly tomentose
Leaves alternate, short-petioled, 1–6 cm, triangular-ovate, ± serrate, gland-dotted, puberulent, reduced upward
Inflorescence: heads 12–14 mm, in a leafy panicle with small clusters on short lateral branchlets; involucre cylindric; phyllaries 21–35, overlapping, 3–5-veined, green or ± purple, ± glabrous, outer ± lanceolate to ovate, inner linear to oblong, tips rounded to ± acute, erect
Flowers 8–18
Fruit 3 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Common. Diverse dry habitats
Elevation: < 2700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Peninsular Ranges, White and Inyo Mountains, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Idaho, Colorado, Texas, n Mexico
Flowering time: May, Aug–Oct
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; STBL.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BRICKELLIA%20californica being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Brickellia californica
Retrieve dichotomous key for Brickellia
Retrieve multiple-entry key (MEKA) for Brickellia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California