|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Perennial from ± woody caudex or shrub (rarely annual)
Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, veiny, generally resinous-dotted
Inflorescence: heads discoid, generally clustered; involucre cylindric to bell-shaped; phyllaries overlapping, strongly nerved; receptacle generally flat, chaff 0
Flowers: corollas cylindric, ± white or tinged red; anther bases rounded or slightly cordate, tips ovate; style branches long, club-shaped, tips rounded
Fruit 10-ribbed, generally cylindric, hairy; pappus generally of many, generally scabrous bristles
Etymology: (John Brickell, early botanist in Georgia)
Reference: [King & Robinson 1987 Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 22:220224]
Shrub 24 dm
Stems much-branched, zigzag, glandular-puberulent
Leaves alternate, subsessile, 12 cm, ovate, leathery, prominently toothed or entire, scabrous, generally glandular-puberulent
Inflorescence: heads 1315 mm, solitary; involucre bell-shaped; phyllaries 2633, overlapping to subequal; outer lance-ovate, ± entire to dentate, inner linear, 413-nerved, greenish, generally minutely scabrous, tips erect
Fruit 4 mm
Ecology: Rocky places
Elevation: < 1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Perhaps same as B. atractyloides.
Inflorescence: outer phyllaries clearly dentate
Habitats of sp.
Bioregional distribution: Sonoran Desert.