Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.


Annual, perennial herb
Leaves simple, basal or restricted to lower stem, petioled
Inflorescence: heads radiate, solitary on slender, ± naked peduncles; involucre hemispheric; phyllaries in 2 equal series; receptacle conic, naked
Ray flowers many; ligules white to pink or purple
Disk flowers many; corollas yellow; style tips flat, triangular
Fruit flat; pappus 0
Species in genus: 7 species: Eur, Medit
Etymology: (Latin: pretty)


B. perennis L.


Perennial; roots fibrous
Leaves 2–10 cm; blades oblanceolate or obovate, tapered to winged petiole, tip obtuse, margins entire to crenate or serrate, surfaces loosely soft-hairy
Inflorescence: peduncle 2–25 cm, strigose or hairs soft, spreading; phyllaries 3–6 mm, ovate, obtuse, hairs soft, spreading
Ray flowers: ligule 7–10 mm, narrow, white to purple
Disk flowers: corollas ± 2 mm
Fruit 1–1.5 mm, light brown, glabrous
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Lawns, damp, grassy areas
Elevation: generally < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Central Western California, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: native to Europe

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BELLIS%20perennis being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Bellis perennis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Bellis
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
  • This page is no longer being maintained.

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California