|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Perennial from fleshy taproot; caudices 1many
Leaves ± basal, few cauline, long-petioled; blade entire to 13-pinnately lobed
Inflorescence: heads 1few, radiate; peduncles long, bracts 0few; involucre hemispheric to bell-shaped; phyllaries in 24 series; receptacle flat; chaff folded around fruits
Ray flowers showy; ligules yellow
Disk flowers many; corollas yellow, tube short, throat cylindric to narrowly bell-shaped; style branches tapered
Fruit oblong, 34-angled; pappus 0
Species in genus: ± 12 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: balsam root, from sticky sap of taproot)
Reference: [Weber 1982 Phytologia 50:357359]
Horticultural information: TRY.
Stems 26 dm
Leaves: basal generally 2050 cm, blade lanceolate to elliptic, pinnately divided into linear to ovate segments, finely strigose, green to silvery canescent; cauline often 23 near base
Inflorescence: head 1; outer phyllaries 1340 mm, generally 510 mm wide, ovate-lanceolate, tip wide, flat, obtuse to acute, appressed to spreading, finely strigose, minutely glandular
Ray flowers: ligules 23 cm
Disk flowers: corollas 710 mm
Fruit 58 mm
Ecology: Dry slopes, valleys
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: nw Nevada
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|