|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Perennial generally from long, naked rhizome
Leaves: basal 0 or generally withered by flower; cauline opposite
Inflorescence ± flat-topped; heads radiate or discoid, 1many; involucre hemispheric to obconic; phyllaries generally in 2 ± equal series; receptacle ± flat, naked
Ray flowers (0)621; ligules (orange-)yellow
Disk flowers many; corolla generally soft-hairy, colored like ligules; anther bases entire or slightly sagittate, tips triangular; style branches flat, tips truncate, very short, hair-tufted
Fruit ± cylindric, 510-veined; pappus of many barbed to subplumose bristles, white to red-brown
Species in genus: ± 27 species: North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Latin or Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Downie & Denford 1988 Rhodora 90:245275]
Diploid species sexual; polyploid species generally form seeds asexually.
Plant 25 dm, glandular, hairy
Stem 1, unbranched
Leaves: cauline generally 34 pairs, larger short-petioled, blade 27 cm, elliptic to ovate, subentire to toothed, sparsely tomentose
Inflorescence: heads radiate, (3)57; involucre generally 1013 mm, obconic; phyllaries ± obtuse, sparsely hairy, hair-tufted on inner face near tip
Ray flowers 911; ligules 12 cm
Fruit 67 mm, short-forked-hairy, sparsely stalked-glandular; pappus strongly short-barbed or subplumose, white to pale straw-colored
Ecology: Uncommon. Open coniferous forest
Elevation: 15002200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada (Truckee River), s High Sierra Nevada (Middle Tule River)
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Perhaps asexual form of A. nevadensis.