|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Perennial, often matted, dioecious; staminate plants generally present
Leaves alternate, entire, generally ± tomentose
Inflorescence: heads discoid or disciform, 1 or in cyme-like clusters; phyllaries many in several series, papery or membranous (staminate wider, more conspicuous); receptacle naked
Staminate flowers 25 mm; corollas white, yellow, or red; pappus bristle tips generally enlarged
Pistillate flowers 210 mm; corollas barely lobed, white, yellow or red
Fruit 0.53.5 mm, ± elliptic; pappus bristles many, soft, weakly barbed
Species in genus: ± 40 species: Am, n Eurasia
Etymology: (Latin: antenna)
Reference: [Bayer 1990 Can J Bot 68:13891397 and Madroño 37:171183]
Many races reproduce by asexual seeds, their populations entirely pistillate plants.
Stems 314 cm; base woody, branched; stolons 0
Leaves cauline, 1135 mm, linear-lanceolate, 1-veined, ± gray-tomentose
Inflorescence: heads 325; involucres 68 mm, densely tomentose below; phyllaries wide, upper part red to pink, light brown, or white, tips blunt (staminate) or acute (pistillate)
Staminate flowers: corollas 34.5 mm; pappus bristle tips slender
Pistillate flowers: corollas 56 mm
Fruit 22.5 mm, hairy, papillate; pappus 67 mm
Ecology: Dry, open woods, scrub
Elevation: 9002400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, n High Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Nevada
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 3, 7, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.