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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.



Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (M. Venegas, Mexican writer, missionary to CA, 1680–1764)


V. carpesioides DC.

Shrub 5–15 dm
Stems generally several, ± puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate; petiole 1–5 cm; blade 3–15 cm, triangular-ovate, 3-veined from base, acute to acuminate, entire to coarsely toothed, minutely puberulent, resin-dotted below
Inflorescence: heads radiate, solitary or in ± leafy cymes; peduncles generally 2–3 cm, slender, bracts 0; involucre 1–3 cm diam, hemispheric; phyllaries unequal, in several series, 5–14 mm, oblong to widely obovate, obtuse, ± veiny, outer spreading, middle > inner; receptacle flat or rounded, naked
Ray flowers 12–21; ligule 15–30 mm, yellow
Disk flowers many; corolla 5–6 mm, yellow, tube base glandular; stamen tips triangular; style tips ± obtuse-triangular
Fruit 2–3 mm, ± cylindric, ribbed, ± curved, dark brown, glabrous; pappus 0
Chromosomes: 2n=38
Ecology: Canyons, moist, wooded slopes
Elevation: < 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Horticultural information: 15, 16, 17, 24 SHD: 14, 20, 21, 22, 23 &IRR: 19; also STBL.

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