|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Latin: tailed pappus, from awn-tipped scales)
Annual 570 cm, ± scapose; sap milky
Leaf 530 cm, ± basal, ± linear, long-tapered, entire to narrowly lobed, ± soft-hairy (especially petiole base)
Inflorescence: head, ligulate solitary, erect; involucre 1040 mm, glabrous; phyllaries narrowly lanceolate, outer progressively shorter; receptacle naked
Flowers 5many; corollas yellow (often reddish below), readily withering, < or = involucre
Fruit 717 mm, slender, tapered to tip in CA, obscurely 10-ribbed, generally blackish; outermost fruits scabrous; pappus scales 5, 515 mm, deciduous, smooth, silvery, bristle-tip 46 mm, slender, smooth, from notched scale tip
Ecology: Common. Open grassland, woods, chaparral, deserts, generally in loose soils
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: California (except North Coast)
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Utah, w Texas, n Mexico
Flowering time: AprMay
Synonyms: Microseris l. (DC.) A. Gray; M. linearifolia (DC.) Sch.Bip
With annual Microseris species a parent of Stebbinsoseris
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|