|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual, perennial herb, sometimes woody at base, often aromatic, glabrous or hairy
Stems decumbent or erect, branched
Leaves alternate, dissected
Inflorescence: heads disciform, radiate, or discoid, fewmany; phyllaries in 23 overlapping series; receptacle convex to conic, generally dotted with tubercles
Pistillate or ray flowers many; corollas tubular or with inconspicuous to well developed ligules, yellow or white
Disk flowers many; corollas tubular, yellow; anther tips ovate, bases rounded or ± cordate; style branches truncate with shrub-like tips
Fruit generally 310-ribbed; pappus a crown of short scales
Species in genus: 70 species: Eur, Asia, North America
Etymology: (Latin: immortality)
See also Sphaeromeria.
Perennial, stout, aromatic, hairy, especially on young growth; rhizome creeping
Stems 1025 cm, branched, decumbent
Leaves 725 cm, 35 cm wide, thick, ovate, sessile, clasping at base, 23-pinnate, each 1° leaflet with 15 divisions, flat or edges curled under, glandular
Inflorescence: heads disciform or radiate, 315, in flat-topped clusters, 1015 mm diam; phyllaries firm, margins scarious
Pistillate flowers: corolla tubular or with ligule < 3 mm
Disk flowers: corollas, 34 mm, tubular, 5-lobed
Fruit 34 mm, indistinctly 5-ribbed, glandular; pappus a short, irregularly toothed crown
Ecology: Uncommon. Coastal dunes
Elevation: < 30 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, n Central Coast
Distribution outside California: Oregon to s British Columbia
Synonyms: T. douglasii DC
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 4, 5, 17 &IRR: 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|