Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.



Annual, perennial herb, shrubs, generally scented
Stems erect
Leaves pinnately divided or compound in CA, opposite below, opposite or alternate above, sessile or petioled, dotted with embedded oil glands
Inflorescence: heads generally radiate, small to large and showy, peduncled, solitary or in terminal, leafy cymes; involucre cylindric to bell-shaped; phyllaries in 1 series, all equal, fused, gland-dotted; receptacle naked
Ray flowers (0)1–many; corollas white to yellow, orange, or brown; style tips long, tapered
Disk flowers 3–many; corollas yellow to orange
Fruit cylindric; pappus of scales, sometimes with 1 or more awns
Species in genus: ± 50 species: North America., South America. ± TOXIC to root-parasite nematodes.


T. erecta L.


Annual 1–10 dm, erect, glabrous
Leaves: leaflets serrate or dentate
Inflorescence: heads 1–few; peduncles 3–10 cm, stout; involucre 13–19 mm, widely cylindric or bell-shaped; phyllaries 7–11, sometimes splitting apart in age
Ray flowers 8–many; corollas yellow to orange or brown; ligules 10–30 mm, showy
Disk flowers many; corollas 10–15 mm, yellow to orange or brown, radial to strongly bilateral
Fruit 6.5–10 mm; pappus of 1–2 acuminate scales (each 8–11 mm) and 2–3 blunt scales (each 3–6 mm)
Chromosomes: 2n=24,48
Ecology: Uncommon. Waif in disturbed places
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Western California, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: native to Mexico
Synonyms: T. patula L
Many cultivated forms.

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bioregional map for TAGETES%20erecta being generated
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Tagetes erecta
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Retrieve multiple-entry key (MEKA) for Tagetes
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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