|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual, generally grayish, cobwebby to tomentose
Stems 1several from base, ± spreading to ascending, ± forked, generally ± evenly leafy below, ± leafless between upper forks
Leaves simple, alternate, ± sessile, generally elliptic to oblanceolate, entire
Inflorescence: heads disciform, ± sessile in groups of 210; bracts like leaves; phyllaries 0 or vestigial (or 14 reduced, unequal scales); receptacle (2.8)48 X > wide, ± cylindric to club-shaped; chaff scales subtending pistillate flowers phyllary-like, each generally enclosing a flower (or outermost open), falling with a fruit, generally woolly, ± scarious-winged, wing generally elliptic to obovate, base generally acute; chaff scales subtending disk flowers reduced, open or folded, glabrous to cobwebby, scarious
Pistillate flowers in 3several series; corollas tubular
Disk flowers 26, staminate; ovary vestigial
Fruit obovoid, smooth, shiny; style ± at tip; pappus 0; disk pappus generally of 112 bristles
Species in genus: 7 species: sw North America
Etymology: (Greek: column bed, from long receptacle)
Reference: [Morefield 1992 Madroño 39:114130]
Close to Filago subg. Oglifa, especially F. depressa. See also Ancistrocarphus, Micropus.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stems < 11 cm
Leaves < 11 mm, narrowly obtuse; uppermost < 6 mm, linear-oblong to narrowly elliptic
Inflorescence: heads 25 mm, 1.52.5 mm wide, ± cylindric to ovoid; phyllaries 0 or vestigial (or 13, 12 mm, obovate, deciduous), body hard, not scarious; receptacle ± cylindric, length 58 X width; longest chaff scale 22.7 mm, winged toward tip, body hard;outermost chaff scales open, nearly glabrous
Disk flowers 0.81.1 mm,generally 4-lobed
Fruit 0.71 mm, compressed front-to-back; disk ovary 00.1 mm, pappus bristles 0 or 1, < 1 mm
Ecology: Sandy washes
Elevation: 100400(1200) m.
Bioregional distribution: nw Tehachapi Mountain Area, s San Joaquin Valley, c&s Outer South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges. Perhaps derived from S. psilocarphoides.