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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.


Annual, perennial herb
Stems often much-branched
Leaves simple or pinnately divided, generally gland-dotted; lower opposite; upper alternate
Inflorescence: heads radiate or discoid, in open cymes; peduncles short to long; involucre obconic to bell-shaped; phyllaries 4–18, oblanceolate to obovate, obtuse, margins scarious; receptacle rounded, naked
Ray flowers 0–3; corollas yellow or white; ligules short, inconspicuous
Disk flowers few–many; corollas yellow; style tips acute, triangular
Fruit narrowly obpyramidal, generally 4-angled; angles hairy; pappus generally of 8 scales
Species in genus: 6 species: s North America, n South America
Etymology: (C. Schkuhr, 1741–1811, German botanist)
Reference: [Heiser 1945 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 32:265–278]


S. multiflora Hook. & Arn. var. multiflora

Stems decumbent or erect, 5–25 cm, glandular, strigose, or becoming glabrous
Leaves 2–4 cm, dissected into thread-like lobes 0.5–1 mm wide
Inflorescence: heads discoid; cymes few-headed; peduncles 5–30 mm, glandular; involucre obconic; phyllaries 7–9, 5–6 mm, oblanceolate, green-centered, margins often red or yellow
Ray flowers 0
Disk flowers 15–30; corollas 1.5–2 mm
Fruit 3–4 mm; pappus scales 1–2 mm, obtuse to acute
Chromosomes: 2n=22
Ecology: Dry, sandy soils
Elevation: 1500–1700 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Texas, n Mexico; also in S.America
Flowering time: Sep
Synonyms: Bahia neomexicana (A. Gray) A. Gray
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for SCHKUHRIA%20multiflora%20var.%20multiflora being generated

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