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©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

PLUCHEA

G. Ledyard Stebbins

Annual to shrub, stiff
Leaves alternate
Inflorescence: heads disciform, many; involucre ± hemispheric; phyllaries in 3–5 unequal series, outer leathery above, inner narrower, ± membranous; receptacle naked
Pistillate flowers many; corolla very slender, 4–5-lobed
Disk flowers few, fruiting or staminate; corolla 5-lobed, pink or purple in CA; anther bases short-tailed, tips ± ovate; style branches 0 to short, obtuse
Fruit ± cylindric, grooved; pappus 1 series of slender bristles
Species in genus: ± 40 species: tropical, warm temp
Etymology: (N.A. Pluche, 18th century French naturalist)

Native

P. odorata (L.) Cass.

SALT MARSH FLEABANE

Annual or perennial herb 5–12 dm, coarse, glandular, ill-scented
Leaves 4–12 cm, ovate, not crowded, toothed
Inflorescence: involucre 4.5–5.5 mm
Pistillate flowers: corollas 3.5–4 mm, purple
Disk flowers: corollas 4–5 mm, purple
Fruit ± 1 mm, minutely rough-hairy; pappus bristles slender to tip
Chromosomes: 2n=20
Ecology: Moist, often saline valley bottoms
Elevation: 0–300 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Channel Islands, Desert
Distribution outside California: to e US, Caribbean, n S.America
Flowering time: Jul–Nov
Synonyms: P. purpurascens (Sw.) DC. and P. camphorata (L.) DC. misapplied
Horticultural information: TRY.

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