|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual, perennial herb, subshrubs, shrubs
Leaves opposite or alternate, simple to deeply divided or compound, sessile or petioled
Inflorescence: heads radiate, discoid or disciform, solitary or in cymes; peduncles short or long; involucre cylindric, hemispheric, or bell-shaped; phyllaries in 23 ± equal series, linear to ovate; receptacle flat to conic, naked
Ray flowers: ligules yellow or white
Disk flowers many; corollas yellow or white, 4-lobed; anther tips triangular; style tips tapered
Fruit linear to oblanceolate, very flat, sometimes weakly 34-angled; surface dark brown or black, glabrous or puberulent; margins generally ± thick, puberulent to strongly ciliate; pappus 0 or a crown of fringed scales and 02 slender bristles
Species in genus: ± 75 species: sw North America
Etymology: (Greek: around the margin, from thick fruit margin)
Reference: [Powell 1974 Rhodora 76:229306]
Horticultural information: STBL.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|