This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Subshrubs, glabrous to scabrous or hairy
Stems prostrate or decumbent to ascending or erect, < 3 m, ± striate below, minutely scabrous, yellow-white or gray to red-brown
Leaves alternate, sometimes clustered in axils, entire or toothed, gland-dotted, sometimes gummy, glabrous, minutely scabrous, or tomentose, light to dark gray-green
Inflorescence: heads discoid, in loose to tight clusters, these borne in flat-topped or ± spheric cymes; involucres obconic; phyllaries yellow-white below, texture cartilage-like, tips green; receptacles flat, naked
Flowers yellow; tubes narrowly cylindric, abruptly expanded into larger cylindric throat; sinuses shallow, lobes erect; style branch appendages triangular
Fruit narrowly obconic, light tan, silky-hairy; hairs white, yellow, tan, or light red-tan; pappus of 12 series of white, yellowish, or red-tan bristles ± 2 X fruit
Species in genus: ± 10 species: sw North America, Mex
Etymology: (Greek: equal hair-tuft, from flowers)
Reference: [Nesom 1991 Phytologia 70:69114]
Plant < 1.3 m, rounded or open
Stems erect or ascending, branched from ground or above, glabrous or minutely scabrous, yellow-white, varnished, shiny, becoming yellow-tan or gray with age
Leaves 1.56 cm, 1.515 mm wide, linear, obovate or spoon-shaped, entire or toothed, gland-dotted, glabrous or minutely scabrous, generally light gray-green
Inflorescence: heads in loose to tight clusters of 45; involucre 45 mm, 45 mm diam; phyllaries 2236 in 36 series, oblong, tips blunt, rounded, or acute, green or tan to 1/4 total length of phyllary, swollen by glandular exudate below surface, appearing wart-like
Fruit 23.5 mm; pappus 35.5 mm, white-yellow, bristles unequal
Ecology: Sandy or clay soils in alkaline or gypsum flats or slopes
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Joaquin Valley, South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Desert
Distribution outside California: Nevada, Arizona, Baja California
Synonyms: Haplopappus a. (Greene) S.F. Blake
Varieties intergrade somewhat.
Stems < 0.8 m
Leaves < 5 cm, not much reduced above, entire
Inflorescence: involucre not closely subtended by bracts; phyllaries 2228 in 34 series, tips blunt, sometimes abruptly soft-pointed
Ecology: Alkaline soils
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Joaquin Valley, South Coast Ranges, San Bernardino Mountains, Mojave Desert
Flowering time: AugNov
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|