|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Perennial; sap milky; herbage generally long-hairy
Stems erect, 110 dm
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate
Inflorescence: heads ligulate, fewmany in cymes or panicles; involucre cylindric; phyllaries in 24 series of different lengths; receptacle naked
Flowers fewmany; ligules yellow, white, or orange, readily withering
Fruit cylindric, slender; pappus of many slender bristles, brittle, dull white, tawny, or brownish
Species in genus: ± 250 species: ± worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: hawk)
Many reproduce only by asexual seeds.
Stems 310 dm, densely hairy below, glabrous above
Leaves mostly basal, 0.81.6 dm, oblong-lanceolate; margins with widely spaced teeth, coarsely long-hairy; cauline generally restricted to lower part of stem, smaller, upper part of stem nearly or quite leafless
Inflorescence: heads many in open panicles; involucres 710 mm; phyllaries with short, gland-tipped dark or yellowish hairs
Flowers 1422; ligules yellow
Fruit 23 mm, dark brown or black; pappus tawny or dull brown
Ecology: Dry slopes, often in woodland
Elevation: 01530 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, n Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains
Synonyms: var. parishii (A. Gray) Jeps
Horticultural information: DRN: 15, 16, 17 &SHD: 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.