|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual < 18 cm, ± green to gray-woolly
Leaves alternate or seeming whorled; base hard, yellowish; blade oblanceolate to ± round, entire
Inflorescence: heads disciform, sessile, 1many above (sometimes scattered below), leafy-bracted, < 5 mm; phyllaries 0; receptacle conic, ± acuminate, short-shiny-bristly; chaff scales phyllary-like, subtending flowers, flat to concave, persistent, rigid, outer acute, ± glabrous, inner obtuse, finely woolly inside
Pistillate flowers in 15 series, cylindric
Disk flowers staminate, 26(12), ± bilateral, 35-lobed
Fruit obovoid, compressed front-to-back, ± angled, smooth, dull, ± black-banded near base; pappus 0
Species in genus: 3 species: CA, s OR
Etymology: (Greek: western Evax )
Reference: [Morefield 1992 Syst Bot 17:293310]
Segregated from Evax ; closest to Ancistrocarphus. Evax multicaulis DC. and E. prolifera of AZ & NM not adequately documented from CA.
Stems generally several, ascending to erect, < 18 cm
Leaves ± equal, ± evenly spaced, petioled; longest 630 mm, 210 mm wide
Inflorescence: upper heads in loose groups of 35 subtended by generally 14 leaves and mixed with leaves, 34.5 mm, 1.52 mm wide, groups < 5 mm wide; lower heads ± = upper; receptacle 2+ y longer than wide; chaff in spiral ranks, inner scales 1.11.8 mm, tip included, ± erect
Pistillate flowers in 13 series
Disk flowers 0.81.1 mm
Fruit generally 11.7 mm
Ecology: Sandy soils or serpentine
Elevation: < 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, s North Coast Ranges, deltaic Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Channel Islands, sw Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Varieties distinctive; some intermediates may occur in SnFrB.
Stems < 18 cm
Leaves: longest generally 1330 mm; blade ± obovate, obtuse to acute, grayish to greenish, cobwebby
Inflorescence: longest heads 3.64.5 mm
Ecology: Common. Open, generally serpentine soil
Elevation: 10900 m.
Bioregional distribution: s North Coast Ranges, deltaic Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Channel Islands, sw Peninsular Ranges
Synonyms: Evax s. (A. Gray) Jeps
Santa Rosa Island plants are uniformly stem- less.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|