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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.


Gregory K. Brown and W. Dennis Clark

Perennial or shrub, generally resinous
Stems < 2.5 m, leafy
Leaves generally sessile or short-petioled
Inflorescence: heads radiate or discoid; involucres obconic to bell-shaped; phyllaries in several overlapping series, linear to oblanceolate, generally recurved
Ray flowers 0–25; corollas < 9 mm, yellow
Disk flowers 4–60; corollas 4–10 mm, gradually flared from middle
Fruit 1–10 mm, 4–5-angled; pappus of 20–60 bristles, 2.5–12 mm, white to reddish brown
Species in genus: 13 species: w North America
Etymology: (Barclay Hazard, 19th Century CA botanist)
Reference: [Clark 1979 Madroño 26:105–127]


H. orcuttii (A. Gray) Greene


Shrub 5–10 dm, glabrous, ± resinous
Leaves 2–5 cm, (ob)lanceolate to narrowly obovate, generally abruptly pointed, ± entire
Inflorescence: heads radiate; involucre 4–6 mm wide, obconic; phyllaries 30–40, 4–6 mm, linear, acute to obtuse, recurved, resinous
Ray flowers 8–12; ligules 2–3 mm (> disk flowers), tube 3–4 mm
Disk flowers 10–20; corollas 5–7 mm
Fruit 3–4.5 mm, faintly ribbed, sparsely strigose; pappus 4–5 mm, brownish
Chromosomes: 2n=10
Ecology: Chaparral, coastal scrub
Elevation: < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: nw Baja California
Threatened by development.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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