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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

ERICAMERIA

GOLDENBUSH

Gregory K. Brown and David J. Keil

Shrubs < 50 dm, resinous, generally gland-dotted
Leaves < 10 cm, thread-like to wedge-shaped, entire
Inflorescence various; heads radiate or discoid; involucre 3–14 mm, obconic to hemispheric; phyllaries in 2–6 series, ± lanceolate to ovate, generally resinous, tips erect to recurved, obtuse to acuminate or tailed, midrib often thickened with a resin gland
Ray flowers 0–30; corollas 2–12 mm, generally yellow
Disk flowers 4–70+; corollas 3–11 mm, yellow
Fruit 2–8 mm, ribbed; pappus white to brown
Species in genus: ± 27 species: w North America
Reference: [Nesom 1990 Phytologia 68:144–155]
Generally flowers summer/autumn. Some species hybridize with Chrysothamnus nauseosus.

Native

E. greenei (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom

Plant 1–2.5 dm, glabrous to ± sticky-glandular, puberulent or white-tomentose above
Leaf 15–30 mm, ± oblanceolate, obtuse
Inflorescence: heads radiate, generally in crowded, terminal clusters; involucre 8–12 mm, 12–15 mm diam, obconic; phyllaries linear to lanceolate, acute, glandular and sticky to minutely tomentose, all but innermost with leaf-like tips
Ray flowers 2–6; corollas 7–10 mm
Disk flowers 7–20; corollas 9–9.5 mm
Fruit 6–7 mm, narrowly oblong, ± glabrous to densely appressed-soft-hairy; pappus = disk corollas, white to light brown
Ecology: Rocky areas in open coniferous forest
Elevation: 1500–2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n High Sierra Nevada, Warner Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Idaho
Synonyms: Haplopappus g. A. Gray
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.

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bioregional map for ERICAMERIA%20greenei being generated
 
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