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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

CREPIS

HAWKSBEARD

G. Ledyard Stebbins

Annual, biennial, perennial herb from taproot; sap milky
Stems erect, < 8 dm
Leaves basal or cauline, entire to pinnately lobed
Inflorescence: heads ligulate, clustered in cymes; phyllaries in 2 distinct series; receptacle naked
Flowers 5–60; ligules yellow, readily withering
Fruit tapered at both ends, sometimes beaked; pappus of many soft, hair-like bristles
Species in genus: ± 200 species: especially n hemisphere
Etymology: (Greek: sandal, for unknown reason)
Sexual forms of native species are distinct but (except C. nana, C. runcinata) connected by many asexually reproducing forms of hybrid origin that obscure boundaries. Asexual forms are all placed in the same sp. as sexual forms, except for the asexual group described under the name C. intermedia, for which no key is attempted
Horticultural information: TRY.

Native

C. modocensis Greene

Perennial from deep taproot
Stems 1–4.5 dm, few-branched, bearing straight, spreading, glandless bristles at least below
Leaves: basal 7–25 cm, deeply lobed, lightly tomentose and with some generally blackish bristles, lobes toothed and secondarily lobed
Inflorescence: heads 1–10, involucre 11–21 mm, cylindric; outer phyllaries lanceolate, acute; inner phyllaries 8–18, lanceolate, acute, bristly
Flowers 10–60
Fruit 7–12 mm, deep reddish brown to greenish black; beak 0 or short; pappus dusty to white
Chromosomes: 2n=22,33, 44,55,66,88
Ecology: Sagebrush scrub, open, dry mtn slopes
Elevation: 1100–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado
Synonyms: subsp. subacaulis (Kellogg) Babc. & Stebbins

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