This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Annual to trees, some dioecious
Stem: nodes often swollen
Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally entire; stipules 0 or obvious and fused into a generally scarious sheath around stem
Inflorescence: small cluster, axillary or arrayed in cymes or panicles; involucres sometimes subtending 1many flowers
Flower generally bisexual, small, ± radial; perianth generally 56-lobed, base ± tapered, often jointed to pedicel; stamens 29, often in 2 whorls; ovary superior, styles generally 3, generally fused at base
Fruit: achene, generally enclosed by persistent perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid, and glabrous
Genera in family: 50 genera, 1100 species: worldwide, especially n temp; some cultivated for food (Fagopyrum ; Rheum , rhubarb; Rumex , sorrel) or ornamental (Antigonon , coral-vine; Muehlenbeckia ; Polygonum )
Reference: [Ronse Decraene & Akeroyd 1988 Bot J Linn Soc 98:321371; Reveal et al. 1989 Phytologia 66(24):83414]
Treatments of the 15 eriogonoid genera are based on the monographic work of James L. Reveal, who is gratefully acknowledged.
Annual, perennial herb, glabrous or hairy, sometimes glandular
Stem generally scapose (made up of inflorescence axes)
Leaves basal (rarely some cauline); stipule 0; blade generally ± oblanceolate
Inflorescence open or of few heads, sometimes 1-sided; bracts generally opposite, leaf-like to scale-like; involucres 1several per axil, sessile, tube cylindric to bell-shaped, generally ± cross-ridged or net-veined, bracts (and ribs) 36, awns straight or hooked; flowers 12 per involucre
Flower: perianth white to red or yellow, lobes 6, entire to fringed or toothed; stamens 39
Fruit 1.54.5 mm, generally ± brown, glabrous
Species in genus: 50 species: temp w North America, sw South America
Etymology: (Greek: divided flower, from perianth)
Reference: [Reveal & Hardham 1989 Phytologia 66(2):98198]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem erect, 1050 cm, soft-hairy
Leaf: basal blades 540 mm; whorl of cauline leaves generally present near mid-stem
Inflorescence: bract awns straight; involucral tube 35 mm, cylindric, hairs long, ± soft, bracts 6 (3 larger), membranous margins purple, extending fully across sinuses (involucre appears ± equilaterally triangular from above), awns hooked
Flower: perianth 3.54.5 mm, white to rose, slightly hairy, lobes with a minute tooth or shallow notch; stamens 9
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Foothill woodland, pine forest
Elevation: 2001600 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Outer South Coast Ranges, Inner South Coast Ranges
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|