|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, tree, vine, some non-green, dependent on fungi for nutrition; hairs unbranched
Leaves simple, generally alternate (rarely opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle
Flower bisexual, generally bilateral (appearing ± pea-flower-like) or ± radial; sepals 5, free or fused, lateral (inner) pair often larger and petal-like (wings); petals 5 or 3, individually fused to stamen tube, ± similar or different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 0 or 2 small lateral petals; stamens 310, ± fused, tube open on upper side; ovary chambers 18, ovule 1 per chamber, style 1 or 0
Fruit: capsule, drupe, or nut, sometimes winged
Seed often with aril
Genera in family: 18 genera, 800 species: especially tropical, subtropical; very few cultivated
Reference: [Blake 1924 N Amer Fl 25:305379]
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, tree, vine; roots generally with wintergreen odor
Inflorescence: raceme or spike, sometimes grouped and panicle-like
Flower bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged as wings; petals 3 or 5, keel petal often with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 68, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; nectary disk or gland present; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed
Seed fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on one end
Species in genus: ± 500 species: tropical, temp
Etymology: (Greek: much milk, some Eur species said to increase milk flow in cows)
Reference: [Wendt 1979 J Arnold Arbor 60:504514]
Perennial, shrub, often from rhizomes
Stem prostrate to erect, < 25 dm
Leaf 1065 mm, linear to ovate
Flower 714 mm; wings ciliate, glabrous to puberulent, cream or greenish to pink; beak of keel-petal 0.52.5 mm, entire, ± 0.2 mm diam near tip, dull rose to green when pollen shed
Fruit 5.910 mm including stalk, thick-textured, dark yellow-brown; veins obscure
Seed 4.57.3 mm including hairs; aril with shaggy hairs
Ecology: Chaparral, open forest, exposed slopes
Elevation: 1002100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, s Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Varieties intergrade in s SCoRO, WTR.
Stem prostrate to erect, 110 dm
Leaf often ± 2 X as long as wide
Flower 8.514 mm; upper sepal acute or acuminate (rarely rounded), outer sepals and wings cream or greenish to pink in bud, wings densely puberulent
Ecology: Chaparral, pine forests
Elevation: 1002100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada
Horticultural information: 17; SHD: 15, 16 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 14, 18.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|