Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

ARALIACEAE

GINSENG FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Shrub, woody vine, rarely perennial herb, tree; juvenile plant often unlike flowering plant
Stem generally branched
Leaves simple or compound, generally alternate; stipules ± fused to ± sheathing petiole base or 0
Inflorescence: umbels solitary to panicled; bracts deciduous or not
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial, generally < 5 mm; sepals generally 5, fused at base, inconspicuous, persistent; petals generally 5, free, ± white to green, deciduous; stamens generally 5, generally alternate petals; ovary inferior, chambers 1–15, 1-ovuled, styles as many as chambers, free or fused, persistent
Fruit: berry or drupe
Genera in family: 60–70 genera, 700 species: especially tropical, subtropical; medicinal (e.g. Panax , ginseng; Aralia , sarsaparilla), ornamental (e.g., Aralia, Fatsia, Hedera, Polyscias )
Reference: [Graham 1966 J Arnold Arbor 47:126–136]

ARALIA

SPIKENARD

Perennial, shrub, small tree
Stem erect
Leaves 1–3-ternate or -pinnate, deciduous; stipule ± fused to petiole base
Inflorescence: umbels in clusters of 2–few or in spreading panicles
Fruit: berry
Seeds 3–5
Species in genus: ± 30 species: North America, Asia, Malaysia
Etymology: (Latinized from old French Canadian, Aralie)

Native

A. californica S. Watson

ELK CLOVER

Perennial; roots large; juice milky
Stem 2–3 m, stout
Leaf 1–3-pinnate, 1–2 m, ± glabrous; petiole < 3 dm; leaflets 15–30 cm, ovate to oblong, serrate, base subcordate
Inflorescence 30–45 cm
Fruit ± 5 mm, spheric, black
Chromosomes: 2n=48
Ecology: Moist shade, canyons, streamsides
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Horticultural information: IRR or WET: 4, 5 &SHD: 3, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for ARALIA%20californica being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Aralia californica
Retrieve dichotomous key for Aralia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California