Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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AQUIFOLIACEAE

HOLLY FAMILY

Elizabeth McClintock

Shrub, tree, evergreen or deciduous, dioecious or nearly so
Leaves generally alternate, simple, often spiny, toothed, or lobed
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally axillary
Flower generally unisexual, radial, small; sepals generally 4, generally fused at base; petals 4, fused at base or free, white or green; stamens generally 4, generally alternate petals; ovary superior, chambers often 4, generally 1-ovuled, style terminal, 0 or short, stigma head-like or lobed
Fruit: drupe, generally red (purple to black or yellow to whitish); stones often 4
Seeds often 4
Genera in family: 4 genera, 300–400 species: tropical, temp
Reference: [Brizicky 1964 J Arnold Arbor 45:227–234]

ILEX

HOLLY


Leaves entire, spiny, or toothed, petioled; upper surface generally shiny
Flower: sepals persistent in fruit; petals oblong or obovate, fused at base
Fruit round, pulpy; stones 4, walls hard
Seed 1 per stone
Species in genus: 300–400 species: especially tropical
Etymology: (Latin: name for Medit holly-oak, Quercus ilex L.)

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bioregional map for ILEX being generated
 
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