Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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PHLOX

Robert W. Patterson and Dieter H. Wilken

Annual, perennial herb
Stem prostrate to erect, or tufted to cushion-like
Leaves cauline, opposite, simple, sessile, linear-lanceolate to elliptic, entire
Flower: corolla salverform; stamens attached at different levels, some stamens unequal
Species in genus: ± 60 species: Am, Siberia
Etymology: (Greek: flame, ancient name for Lychnis of Caryophyllaceae)
Reference: [Cronquist, A. 1984. in Intermountain Flora, V.4.]

Native

P. speciosa Pursh

Perennial
Stem erect; branches open
Leaf 1–5 cm, linear-lanceolate
Inflorescence terminal; lower parts with leafy bracts; flowers few; peduncles 3–20 mm, slender
Flower: calyx 7–10 mm; corolla bright pink to white, tube 10–15 mm, lobes obcordate to deeply 2-lobed; stamens very short, anthers well hidden in corolla tube; style 2–4 mm, stigmas > style
Ecology: Rocky, wooded slopes
Elevation: 500–2400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana

Native

subsp. nitida (Suksd.) Wherry

Plant glabrous
Ecology: Habitat of sp.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range
Distribution outside California: to Washington
Synonyms: var. nitida Suksd
Horticultural information: TRY; DFCLT.

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bioregional map for PHLOX%20speciosa%20subsp.%20nitida being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Phlox speciosa subsp. nitida
Retrieve dichotomous key for Phlox
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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