Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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PHLOX

Robert W. Patterson and Dieter H. Wilken

Annual, perennial herb
Stem prostrate to erect, or tufted to cushion-like
Leaves cauline, opposite, simple, sessile, linear-lanceolate to elliptic, entire
Flower: corolla salverform; stamens attached at different levels, some stamens unequal
Species in genus: ± 60 species: Am, Siberia
Etymology: (Greek: flame, ancient name for Lychnis of Caryophyllaceae)
Reference: [Cronquist, A. 1984. in Intermountain Flora, V.4.]

Native

P. muscoides Nutt.

MOSS PHLOX

Perennial, tightly cushion-like
Leaf 3–5 mm, closely overlapping, 4-ranked (appearing square in X -section), completely concealing stem
Inflorescence: flowers solitary, sessile
Flower: calyx ± 5 mm; corolla white to lilac, tube 7–10 mm
Ecology: Open, rocky areas
Elevation: 1400–2700 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range (Mount Lassen), nw Modoc Plateau (ne Siskiyou Co.)
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, w Great Plains, Colorado
Synonyms: P. bryoides Nutt
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for PHLOX%20muscoides being generated
 


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