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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
.

NAVARRETIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 4–5, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 1–3
Seeds 1–many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)

Native

N. tagetina Greene

MARIGOLD NAVARRETIA


Stem 7–30 cm, recurved-hairy near heads, glabrous or puberulent below
Leaf 2-pinnate, hairy near base; lobes needle-like, spreading,
Inflorescence: outer bracts leaf-like, > head, tip short-toothed; inner bracts wider and concave at base, margins membranous, ciliate
Flower: calyx 7–8 mm, ribs tapered, ciliate within at sinuses, lobes toothed; corolla 9–11 mm, pale blue, lobes with 3 veins entering base; stamens attached in upper throat, exserted; style included, stigmas 3
Fruit translucent, adhering to seeds until wet
Seeds 1–2 per chamber, separating when wet
Ecology: Common. Open, grassy flats, vernal pools
Elevation: 30–600 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Inner North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley
Distribution outside California: to Washington
Horticultural information: SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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