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©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
.

NAVARRETIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 4–5, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 1–3
Seeds 1–many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)

Native

N. squarrosa (Eschsch.) Hook. & Arn.

SKUNKWEED

Plant spreading, long-hairy, glandular; odor skunk-like
Stem 10–60 cm
Leaves: lower 1–2-pinnate, axis and lobes linear; upper with axis shorter, wider, lobes narrowly lanceolate, generally forked on back, spiny
Inflorescence: outer bracts leaf-like, < leaves, middle lobe lanceolate, wider than lateral
Flower: calyx 7–10 mm, lobes narrowly lanceolate; corolla 9–12 mm, > calyx, deep blue, lobes 2 mm; stamens attached in tube, included; style included, stigmas 3
Fruit dehiscing from tip to base
Seeds 8–11 per chamber
Ecology: Common. Open, wet, gravelly flats, slopes
Elevation: < 800 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills (Sacramento, Amador cos.) San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Horticultural information: SUN: 4, 5, 6 &IRR: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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