Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
.

NAVARRETIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 4–5, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 1–3
Seeds 1–many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)

Native

N. pubescens (Benth.) Hook. & Arn.

Plant glandular
Stem 14–33 cm; internodes generally < leaves, tan to red-brown
Leaf 2-pinnate, axis and lobes linear; lower leaves glabrous, lobes clustered; upper leaves puberulent or hairy, tip linear or wider, many-toothed
Inflorescence generally glandular hairy at middle of bracts (and calyces), puberulent above; bracts pinnate; outer bracts 1.5–2 X head, axis narrow or wider above, toothed; inner bracts shorter, base clasping, tip narrow, toothed
Flower: calyx ribs strap-shaped to base, generally 2 lobes toothed; corolla 10–16 mm, > calyx, tube and throat purple, lobes bright blue; stamens attached in mid-throat, exserted; style exserted, stigmas 2, minute
Fruit dehiscing in lower half; chamber 1
Seeds 1–2
Ecology: Open, slopes, gravel or clay
Elevation: < 1100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills, North Coast Ranges, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon
Synonyms: N. mitracarpa Greene
Horticultural information: SUN, DRY: 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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