|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 45, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 45; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 13
Seeds 1many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)
Stem: branches paired or whorled, 24 from below heads, 616 cm, spreading, slender, brown, generally glabrous
Leaves: basal entire, thread-like, glabrous; cauline pinnate, axis and lobes thread-like
Inflorescence: bracts (and calyces) densely white-hairy at middle, glandular-puberulent above, lobe tips glabrous, needle-pointed; outer bracts palmate, middle lobe < 2 X longest lateral
Flower: calyx lobes entire; corolla 810 mm, generally > calyx, lobes ovate, 13 mm; stamens, style exserted; stigmas 3
Fruit dehiscing from tip to base
Seeds 3 per chamber
Ecology: Dry, rocky flats near drainage channels
Elevation: 6001400 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Flower: corolla yellow throughout
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Habitat of sp.
Elevation: 9001400 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Sierra Nevada Foothills (El Dorado Co.)
Horticultural information: TRY.