|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Seeds 1many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):5591; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:8385
Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 45, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 45; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 13
Seeds 1many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)
Stem puberulent or hairy below heads; hairs recurved
Leaves 12-pinnate; lobes linear; lower leaves glabrous; upper hairy at base
Inflorescence: outer bracts leaf-like, lobes needle-like, 24-branched at base, lobes near tip 2, shorter, entire, pointed tipward; inner bracts simpler, base membranous-winged, ciliate, width of wing > midrib
Flower: calyx ribs glabrous or slightly hairy, tapered, gland-dotted below, membrane truncate, ciliate; corolla 410 mm, lobes with 1 vein entering base; stamens exserted; stigmas 2, minute
Fruit translucent, adhering to seeds until wet
Seeds separating when wet
Ecology: Vernal pools
Elevation: < 2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Utah
Some subspp. intergrade. Variable with water level and duration.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 210 cm, generally erect; branches ascending
Inflorescence: longer bracts < 2 X head, lobes 24-branched on back
Flower: calyx ribs sometimes slightly hairy; corolla white to blue, tube included, throat 12 mm wide, lobes linear, exserted; style exserted
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Habitat of sp.
Elevation: < 1700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, w Sacramento Valley.Intermediate between subspp. leucocephala and plieantha
Synonyms: N. b. H. Mason
Horticultural information: TRY.