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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 4–5, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 1–3
Seeds 1–many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)


N. intertexta (Benth.) Hook.

Stem puberulent or hairy below heads, hairs reflexed, appressed or spreading
Leaf 1–2-pinnate, glabrous or white-hairy near base; axis and lobes needle-like, spreading at tip
Inflorescence: bracts and calyces white-hairy about middle; bracts pinnate, lobes needle-like, forked, 3 lobes at tip spreading; inner bracts clasping, base expanded-concave, narrowly membrane-margined
Flower: calyx ribs tufted-hairy within sinuses, lobes sometimes toothed, membrane V-shaped; corolla generally white, lobes ovate, 1 vein entering base; stamens, style exserted, stigmas 2
Fruit: chambers 1–2, translucent below middle, sticking to seeds until wet
Seeds 8–10, dark brown, pitted
Ecology: Open, wet areas, meadows, vernal pools
Elevation: < 2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada Foothills, High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona, Baja California

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