Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

POLEMONIACEAE

PHLOX FAMILY

Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85
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NAVARRETIA

Alva G. Day

Annual, generally erect; branches spreading or ascending, hairy, glandular or puberulent
Leaves simple, alternate, generally deeply pinnately lobed or entire
Inflorescence: head; bracts pinnately to palmately toothed or lobed, spine-tipped; flowers sessile or subsessile
Flower: calyx membranous between ribs, lobes 4–5, entire or toothed, unequal, spine-tipped; corolla lobes 4–5; stigmas 2 or 3
Fruit generally ovoid, chambers 1–3
Seeds 1–many per chamber, free or stuck together, brown, gelatinous when wet
Species in genus: ± 30 species: w North America, also in Argentina, Chile
Etymology: (F. Navarrete, Spanish physician, 1700's)

Native

N. hamata Greene

Plant generally with skunk-like odor
Stem 8–30 cm, glandular-puberulent
Leaf pinnate; axis linear to widely lanceolate; lobes spreading, not hooked; tip 3-lobed, ± hooked
Inflorescence: bracts widely clasping, outer lanceolate, recurved, hooked at tip, pinnate, lobes spreading
Flower: calyx lobes entire or toothed; corolla generally purple or pinkish; stigmas 3
Fruit < calyx, dehiscing from tip to base
Seeds generally 2–10 per chamber
Ecology: Dry, sandy or rocky places in coastal or inland chaparral
Elevation: < 1100 m.
Bioregional distribution: San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Sspp. intergrade.

Native

subsp. hamata


Leaf: cauline axis linear or lanceolate
Inflorescence generally terminal; bracts gland-dotted or glandular-hairy, lobes of hook generally unequal
Flower: calyx lobes entire or toothed; corolla 10–15 mm, bright pink or purple, tube included, throat wide, lobes 3–5 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Habitats of sp.
Bioregional distribution: Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges.Some plants from TR have wider leaves, axillary inflorescence, are much like subsp. parviloba except for larger, brighter flowers.

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