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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Robert W. Patterson

Annual, perennial herb
Stem generally erect, generally branched from base
Leaves cauline, opposite, entire or palmately 3–9-lobed; lobes linear to narrowly lanceolate or spoon-shaped
Inflorescence head-like, open, or flower solitary; bracts leaf-like; flowers sessile or pedicelled
Flower: calyx tubular, or lobes nearly free, bordered by translucent membrane; corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or bell-shaped; stamens attached at same level, pollen yellow
Species in genus: 41 species: w North America, Chile
Etymology: (Greek: flax flower)
Reference: [Patterson 1977 Madroño 24:36–48]


L. nuttallii (A. Gray) Milliken

Perennial, hairy
Stems many, 10–20 cm
Leaf: lobes generally 5, linear
Inflorescence: cluster, terminal, bracted; flowers generally sessile
Flower: calyx 8–9 mm, membrane generally obscure, 1/2 calyx length; corolla funnel-shaped, tube included in calyx, white or light yellow, throat yellow, lobes 4–5 mm, white; stamens included or slightly exserted; stigmas slightly exserted
Ecology: Dry flats, openings in forest, sometimes on serpentine
Elevation: 500–3500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, Warner Mountains, East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Rocky Mtns, n Mexico
Generally self-pollinated
Recent taxonomic note: *Leptosiphon nuttallii (A. Gray) J.M. Porter & L.A. Johnson


subsp. pubescens R. Patt.

Leaf: lobes 5–10 mm, densely hairy
Chromosomes: 2n=18
Ecology: Dry flats, openings in forests
Elevation: 2800–3500 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to Nevada
Recent taxonomic note: *Leptosiphon nuttallii (A. Gray) J.M. Porter & L.A. Johnson subsp. pubescens (R. Patt.) J.M. Porter & L.A. Johnson

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